QUIZ 4 First Aid

1) How should you open the airway of an unconscious casualty?

  1. Head tilt and chin lift.
  2. Jaw thrust.
  3. Head tilt and jaw thrust.
  4. Lift the chin.


2) How long would you check to see if an unconscious casualty is breathing normally?

  1. No more than 10 seconds.
  2. Approximately 10 seconds.
  3. Exactly 10 seconds.
  4. At least 10 seconds.


3) You are a lone first aider and have an unconscious non-breathing adult, what should you do first?

  1. Start CPR with 30 chest compressions.
  2. Give five initial rescue breaths.
  3. Call 911/112 requesting AED (defibrillator) and ambulance.
  4. Give two initial rescue breaths.


4) Which is the correct ratio of chest compressions to rescue breaths for use in CPR of an adult casualty?

  1. 2 compressions : 30 rescue breaths.
  2. 5 compressions : 1 rescue breath.
  3. 15 compressions : 2 rescue breaths.
  4. 30 compressions : 2 rescue breaths.


5) Which of the following is the correct sequence for the chain of survival?

1. CPR. Defibrillation. Advanced care.

2. CPR. Defibrillation. 911/112. Advanced care.

3. Defibrillation. CPR. 911/112. Advanced care.

4. Defibrillation. 911/112. CPR. Advanced care.


6) What is the cause of angina?

  1. Insufficient blood reaching the lungs.
  2. Insufficient blood reaching the brain.
  3. Insufficient blood reaching the heart muscle.
  4. Insufficient blood reaching the leg muscles.


7) What should a casualty with a severe allergy carry at all times?

  1. Insulin.
  2. Acetaminophen/Paracetamol.
  3. Adrenaline (Epipen).
  4. Aspirin.


8) Which test should you use if you suspect that a casualty has had a stroke?

  1. Face, Arms, Speech, Test.
  2. Alert, Voice, Pain, Unresponsive.
  3. Response, Airway, Breathing, Circulation.
  4. Pulse, Respiratory Rate, Temperature


9) Which of the following can cause a stroke?

  1. A blood clot in an artery in the brain.
  2. A blood clot in an artery in the heart.
  3. A blood clot in an artery in the leg.
  4. A blood clot in an artery in the lungs.


10) What should your first action be when treating an electrical burn?

  1. Ensure that the casualty is still breathing.
  2. Wash the burn with cold water.
  3. Check for danger and ensure that contact with the electrical source is broken.
  4. Check for level of response.


11) What is an open fracture?

  1. A fracture in which the bone ends can move around.
  2. A fracture in which the bone is exposed as the skin is broken.
  3. A fracture which causes complications such as a punctured lung.
  4. A fracture in which the bone has bent and split.


12) Which medical condition will develop from severe blood loss?

  1. Shock.
  2. Hypoglycaemia.
  3. Anaphylaxis.
  4. Hypothermia.


13) What names are given to the three different depths of burns?

  1. Small, medium and large.
  2. First, second and third degree.
  3. Minor, medium and severe.
  4. Superficial, partial thickness, full thickness.


14) What is a faint?

  1. A response to fear.
  2. An unexpected collapse.
  3. A brief loss of consciousness.
  4. A sign of flu.


15) What steps would you take to control bleeding from a nosebleed?

  1. Sit casualty down, lean forward and pinch soft part of nose.
  2. Sit casualty down, lean backward and pinch soft part of nose.
  3. Lie casualty down and pinch soft part of nose.
  4. Lie casualty down and pinch top of nose.


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