By the end of the unit, students would be able to;
- describe the situation of teaching in Ghana with ICT
- explain TPACK
- develop a lesson plan using TPACK
“If we teach today as we taught yesterday, then we rob our children of tomorrow” by John Dewey
Ask yourself this question: HOW DO WE TEACH IN GHANA?
Teaching in Ghana
- Traditional teaching methods (teacher-centered approach dominates
- Teachers do all the talking, students listen and write a lot of notes
- Teacher questions requiring recall of facts
- Heavy emphasis on assessment
- Students do not take active participation (Hardly any hands-on activities)
What ICT can Provide
- Research shows teaching with non-linguistic activities (graphic organizers, mental images & movement) helps improve students’ understanding of concepts.
- Research concludes cooperative group work leads to learning gains and higher student achievement. This interaction leads to more learning and great content retention.
ICT Education in Ghana
- Even though studies from all over the world have shown the potential of ICT to enhance teaching and learning
- Limited or no ICT integration in our context
- Stand alone technology courses (at best)
Class Discussion (3 mins)
- Identify an ICT tool that you have used in your teaching (if any) and elaborate on its affordances
- Share with a partner
Why Integrate Technology?
- We live in a complex, highly technological knowledge-based economy
- Analysis and problem solving skills
- Challenging students intellectually
- Introduce technology to deepen and enhance the learning process
- Technology can be used to support four key components of learning
- Active engagement with students
- Participation in groups
- Frequent interaction
We live in an information age: Paradigm shift
- Technology integration necessarily alters the traditional paradigm of the teacher providing wisdom and the student absorbing knowledge…and for good reason.
- The knowledge needed for tomorrow’s jobs will change before many of today’s students enter the job market.
- Students today must learn to search and discover knowledge, actively communicate with others, and solve problems so that they can become productive life-long members of our society.
21st Century Skills for students
- ICT literacy
- Social and/or cultural skills
- Critical thinking skills
- Problem solving skills
- Learning to learn
- Self directed learning
- Math, Science, Languages
- Taking risks
- Meta cognition
- Controlling / solving conflicts
- Initiative and entrepreneurship
Change your Role
- Allow technology to change your teaching paradigm
- When technology is effectively integrated into subject areas teachers grow into roles of
WHAT IS TPACK?
- Technological Pedagogical Content Knowledge (TPACK) refers to the knowledge that emerges from an understanding of an interaction of content, pedagogy, and technology knowledge. Coined by Mishra & Koelher
- Learning “how to use” technology is different from knowing what to do with technology for teaching
- A framework to understand teachers’ knowledge required for effective technology integration
- Allows educators to bring ‘real world’ applications to the classroom
- Provides an opportunity for students to see and hear video clips and audio which can help to teach or reinforce concepts.
- Allows students to investigate, connect to and make discoveries previously unknown to the student.
Ideal situation is the TPACK framework
What is TPACK?
What is TPACK?
Identify TPACK elements in 3 Lesson Plans
Playing with Technology
- MP3, MP4
- Mobile phone
- Online games
Technology enhanced learning
- Technology-enhanced learning is gaining favour since it emphasises how technology adds value to learning
- Technology-enhanced learning is concerned with:
- Connectivity to information and to others
- Greater choice over the time, place and pace of study
- Provides an alternative modes of study: distance, blended, work-based learning etc
21st Century Competencies of the Teacher
- Effective teaching depends on flexible access to rich, well-organized and integrated knowledge from different domains, including
- knowledge of student thinking and learning (pedagogy)
- knowledge of subject matter (content), and increasingly,
- knowledge of technology
- “At the heart of good teaching with technology are three core components: content, pedagogy, and technology, plus the relationships among and between them.”
(Koehler & Mishra, 2006)
Barriers to Technological change
. 1. FEAR of change
- TRAINING in basics
- PERSONAL use
- TEACHING models
- LEARNING based
Challenges – Technology Integration in Teaching
- Many teachers earned degrees at a time when educational technology was at a lower stage of development than it is today
- They do not consider themselves sufficiently prepared to use technology in the classroom
- They do not have opportunities to explore the value of technology or its relevance to teaching and learning
How Educators should be Guided
- Identify parts of the curriculum that are hard to teach where technology might help overcome pedagogical or cognitive difficulties.
- Identify topics in the curriculum for which technology is an essential element of the science being taught.